Week 1

Knowledge - Developing Software

Types of software licence requirements, including:

  • network (per seat)
  • enterprise
  • commercial/proprietary
  • end user licence agreement (EULA)

Factors affecting the development of software, including:

  • user needs 
  • user interface
  • processing efficiency
  • development time
  • technical specifications 

Professional ethics of developers when creating new software 


Week 2


Knowledge - Developing Software

Legal obligations of developers when creating new software

Legal and ethical responsibilities of software users

Stages of the software development cycle (SDC)

  • analyse detailed requirements
  • design data and algorithms
  • code data structures and instructions
  • debug syntax and logic errors
  • test to meet specifications
  • document internally and externally
  • implement and test with live data
  • evaluate performance of the program


Skills - Developing Software

Apply the SDC in planning and developing software solutions.


Week 3-6


Knowledge - Programming

Characteristics of simple data types: 

  • integer
  • real (floating point number)
  • Boolean
  • character

Characteristics of complex data types:

  • string
  • one-dimensional arrays
  • records

Programming concepts, including:

Difference between source code, byte code and executable code

Difference between an interpreter and a compiler

Types of program or code errors, including:

  • syntax errors
  • run-time errors
  • logical errors

Purpose and characteristics of internal and external documentation

Software development documentation as a part of the SDC

Structure charts using the Yourdon and Constantine method

Modelling of an algorithm using trace tables to test for logic

Types of data validation techniques, including:

  • range checking 
  • type checking

 Skills - Programming

Use pseudocode to represent a programming solution

Apply, using pseudocode and a programming language, the following programming concepts:

  • constants
  • variables (local, global, parameters)
  • naming conventions for variables
  • stubs
  • statements
  • modularisation
  • functions
  • parameter passing (value and reference)

Apply, using pseudocode and a programming language, the following control structures:

  • sequence
  • selection
  • one-way (if then)
  • two-way (if then else)
  • multi-way (case, nested if)
  • iteration
  • test first (while)
  • test last (repeat until)
  • fixed (for)

Resolve program and code errors 

Apply the following algorithmic and programming techniques: 

  • develop internal and external documentation
  • interpret and create structure charts with parameter passing
  • select and apply suitable test data and testing techniques
  • use trace tables to test for and debug logic errors
  • use data validation techniques, including range checking and type checking


Week 7-10


Skills - Programming

Apply the SDC to create prototype digital solutions using pseudocode and an appropriate programming language


Week 11-12


Knowledge - Networks and Communications

Role of the following hardware devices in network communications: 

  • router
  • switch
  • firewall
  • modem
  • network interface card (NIC)
  • wireless access point
  • bridge
  • gateway
  • repeaters

Role of the layers within the Department of Defence (DoD) transmission control protocol/internet protocol (TCP/IP) model in network communications

Purpose of the layers within the DoD TCP/IP model, including:

  • application layer
  • transport layer
  • internet layer
  • network layer

Characteristics of wireless transmission media, including:

  • broadcast radio
  • satellite
  • microwave
  • cellular

Characteristics of wired transmission media, including:

  • twisted pair (unshielded twisted pair [UTP] and shielded twisted pair [STP])
  • fibre optic (single-mode, multi-mode)

Similarities and differences of the carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) and the carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) network control protocols


Week 13-14


Knowledge - Networks and Communications


Methods of error detection and correction in digital data transmission, including:

  • parity bit
  • checksum 

Types of communications protocols and standards, including:

  • wireless (Bluetooth, ethernet 802.11x, radio frequency identification [RFID]), wireless application protocol (WAP)
  • wired (ethernet 802.3)
  • TCP/IP (IP4, IP6)

Dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP) and domain name server (DNS)

Role of storage area networks (SAN) and network attached storage (NAS). Similarities and differences of SAN and NAS

Methods used to ensure the security of networks, including use of:

  • firewalls
  • anti-virus software
  • password and network user policies
  • authentication
  • encryption

Strategies used to compromise the security of networks, including:

  • denial of service
  • back doors
  • IP spoofing
  • phishing

Factors influencing the performance of a network, including:

  • bandwidth
  • network design
  • data collisions
  • excess broadcast traffic


Skills - Networks and Communications


Create network diagrams using the CISCO network diagrammatic conventions to represent network topologies for LAN, WLAN and WAN