Syllabus 

  • project management approaches; prototype and structures 12 ATAR

 

Details

1. Facts – Prototype Approach

  • Prototype = a model of a product or solution
  • Prototyping = An interactive process to develop a system or product. Users and developers interact.
  • For what? Large scale = building a bridge or new skyscraper. Small scale = completing a website or a graphic design
  • Involves 4 steps: Identify basic requirements, Develop initial prototype, User review, Revise and enhance the prototype

Prototype Advantages

  • User can see the model and be able to talk about it
  • Helps resolve discrepancies among users
  • Gives users a feel for the final system
  • Helps determine technical feasibility
  • Helps sell the idea of a proposed system

Prototype Disadvantages

  • Leads people to believe the final system will follow
  • Gives no indication of performance under operational conditions
  • Leads the project team to forgo proper testing and documentation

2. Facts – Structured Approach


Traditional style of project management with stages which include; Initiation, Planning, Production, Monitoring and C losing.

Initiation Stage

  • What are the needs?
  • What is in place now?
  • What is the cost?
  • Who will use it? Who will develop it?

Planning Stage

  • Develop the scope (what is involved in the project)
  • Select the planning team
  • Identify tasks and who will do them
  • Estimate resources needed for tasks.
  • Estimate time and cost
  • Develop a schedule.
  • Develop a budget

Production Stage

  • Commence the tasks from the planning stage

Monitoring Stage

  • Are we able to continue?
  • Who is behind in their work?
  • How do we fix problems?
  • Is there a problem with the cost because a task is taking too long, unforeseen costs have come up

Closing Stage

  • Handing over the finished product
  • Write a review of the project.

 

FOR YOU TO DO

 1. What is a prototype?

2. What is prototyping?

3. What is an example of a large prototype project?

4. What is an example of a small prototype project for a student at a school?

5. What are the 4 steps in the prototype approach to project management?

6. Work in teams of 4.
Use a drawing package to create graphics to go with each step in the prototype approach.
Choose a project manager, he/she will allocate tasks (ie who will draw what stages, who will talk about the presentation)
Your finished graphics are to be combined into a presentation for a 2 minute talk.

7. Work in teams of 4.
Use a drawing package to create graphics to go with each step in the structured or traditional approach.
Choose a project manager, he/she will allocate tasks (ie who will draw what stages, who will talk about the presentation)
Your finished graphics are to be combined into a presentation for a 2 minute talk.

 

Learn more from 
Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_management
MIS for the Information Age Chapter 6. 2010
Software Project Management by Maria Petridou
IT toolbox website for structured PM approach
 
 
Found an error or enhancement? Please fill out this contact us form.